Découvrer et télécharger gratuitement les logiciels Windows. AntiVir Personal propose une protection efficace et gratuite contre les virus informatiques de types malware, adware, spyware et cheval de .. Certaines des caractéristiques de base comprennent par exemple le support de l'Unicode, Jargon Informatique. برنامج لشرح مفردات المعلوميات. Jargon Informatique Mo. التحميل من هنا. podkarpacie.info أو. weekly podkarpacie.info, weekly podkarpacie.info .

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Version: Dernière
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Système d’exploitation: MacOS. Android. iOS. Windows XP/7/10.
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Son auteur, Daisuke Amay This access could pose a threat if it is not done correctly or for legitimate purposes. Some viruses can use a mutex to control access to resources examples: DNS Domain name system:. En premier lieu il est l'outil officiel pour utiliser son iPod, iTouch ou encore iPhone. A system or service on the Internet that allows subscribed users to read and respond to messages written by other users e.

peut le télécharger sur le site de son créateur Ken Brakke (en anglais), qui contient aussi le Vous pouvez aussi ajouter le chemin du dossier evolver (dans le jargon informatique on dit souvent la racine de ces deux dossiers) c:/evolver/. Pour un allez avec parcourir dans le dossier C:/evolver/ et sélectionnez evolver .exe. Par exemple, une application de gestion est un logiciel applicatif servant au stockage, . dont le lexique est basé sur l'anglais, et le jargon informatique Support et Pilotes Télécharger les pilotes et logiciels HP, Statut de la demande de. A program is normally a file with an EXE or COM extension. Programming language: Set of instructions, orders, commands and rules that are used to create .

The same happens with the knowledge or lack o knowledge regarding its functionalities. Although each virus has a specific name, very often it is more widely-known by a nickname that describes a particular feature or characteristic of the virus.

In these cases, we talk about the virus 'alias'. For example, the virus CIH is also known by the alias Chernobyl. These are programs that scan the memory, disk drives and other parts of a computer for viruses. This is a function used by programs to interact with operating systems and other programs.

This is a technique used by viruses to hide and avoid detection by the antivirus. Is a standard code - American Standard Code for Information Interchange - for representing characters letters, numbers, punctuation marks, etc. These are particular types of web pages that allow a site to be personalized according to user profiles. This acronym can also refer to Application Service Provider. The way in which a virus codifies or encrypts part or all of itself, making it more difficult to analyze or detect to analyze.

This is normally a short text including details like name, address etc. This is a program that enters the computer and creates a backdoor through which it is possible to control the affected system without the user realizing. An advert displayed on a web page, promoting a product or service that may or may not be related to the host web page and which in any event links directly to the site of the advertiser.

Files with a BAT extension that allow operations to be automated. A system or service on the Internet that allows subscribed users to read and respond to messages written by other users e. A plugin that is automatically runs long with the Internet browser, adding to its functionality. Some are used for malicious ends, such as monitoring the web pages viewed by users.

A group of programs that enable the computer to be started up part of the boot system. Also known as the Boot sector , this is the area or sector of a disk that contains information about the disk itself and its properties for starting up the computer.

A virus that specifically affects the boot sector of both hard disks and floppy disks.


This is a program that allows a system to be controlled remotely without either the knowledge or consent of the user. A person or group that controls the botnet. They are also known as 'bot master' or ' zombie master '. A network or group of zombie computers controlled by the owner of the bots. The owner of the botnets sends instructions to the zombies.

These commands can include updating the bot, downloading a new threat, displaying advertising or launching denial of service attacks. A browser is the program that lets users view Internet pages. The most common browsers are: Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Opera, etc.

This is an intermediary memory space used to temporarily save information transferred between two units or devices or between components in the same system. Communication channel between different components in a computer communicating data signals, addresses, control signals, etc.

This is a unit of measurement of digital information. One byte is equal to 8 bits. As there are many different types of viruses, they are grouped in categories according to certain typical characteristics. Technique used by certain viruses and worms to make them more difficult to find. IT system computer that requests certain services and resources from another computer server , to which it is connected across a network.

Content of virus files - virus code , written in a certain programming language -. Can also refer to systems for representing or encrypting information. In its strictest sense, it can be defined as a set of rules or a combination of symbols that have a given value within an established system. This is a text file which is sometimes sent to a user visiting a web page to register the visit to the page and record certain information regarding the visit.

This generally refers to the country where the first incidence of virus was first recorded. All programs , messages or documents used directly or indirectly to fraudulently obtain financial gain to the detriment of the affected user or third parties. Protocol developed in by Check Point which allows antivirus protection to be integrated into a firewall server. This is a value that indicates the level of the negative effects that a virus could have on an infected computer.

It is one of the factors used to calculate the Threat level. A collection of data files and the programs used to administer and organize them. Examples of database systems include: This is a Denial of Service DoS attack where multiple computers attack a single server at the same time.

Compromised computers would be left vulnerable , allowing the attacker to control them to carry out this action. A folder in e-mail programs that contains messages which have been deleted they have not been eliminated completely from the computer. After deleting a message containing a virus , it is advisable to delete it from this folder as well. This is a program that is often used to maliciously redirect Internet connections.

When used in this way, it disconnects the legitimate telephone connection used to hook up to the Internet and re-connects via a premium rate number.

Often, the first indication a user has of this activity is an extremely expensive phone bill. Divisions or sections used to structure and organize information contained on a disk. The terms folder and directory really refer to the same thing.

They can contain files or other sub-directories. The action that an antivirus takes when it detects a virus and eliminates it. This is a value that indicates the extent to which a virus has spread or the speed at which it is spreading. System to enable communication between computers connected across a network or the Internet. It means that computers can be located and assigns comprehensible names to their IP addresses. DNS servers , are those computers in which these names are handled resolved and associated to their corresponding IPs.

This is a type of attack, sometimes caused by viruses, that prevents users from accessing certain services in the operating system, web servers etc. This is the process of obtaining files from the Internet from Web pages or FTP sites set up specifically for that purpose. A program , known as a controller, used to control devices connected to a computer normally peripherals like printers, CD-ROM drives, etc.

An organisation which has created a test to evaluate the performance of antivirus programs, known as the EICAR test.

A floppy disk that allows the computer to be scanned for viruses without having to use the antivirus installed in the system, but by using what is known as the "command line antivirus". This is a technique used by some viruses to disguise themselves and therefore avoid detection by antivirus applications.

A technique for infecting programs through which a virus tries to hide its entry point in order to avoid detection. Instead of taking control and carrying out its actions as soon as the program is used or run, the virus allows it to work correctly for a while before the virus goes into action. This is a technique used by antivirus programs to detect viruses. This can be a technique or a program that takes advantage of a vulnerability or security hole in a certain communication protocol, operating system , or other IT utility or application.


Files have a name and an extension, separated by a dot: This extension indicates the type of file text, Word document, image, sound, database, program , etc.

Some viruses may have similar names and characteristics. These viruses are grouped into families or groups. Members of the group are known as variants of the family or the original virus the first to appear. This is a section of a disk that defines the structure and organization of the disk itself.

Unit for storing information text, document, images, spreadsheet etc. A file is identified by a name, followed by a dot and then its extension indicating the type of file.

This is a barrier that can protect information in a system or network when there is a connection to another network, for example, the Internet. Is a high-speed communication channel, used to connect computers and peripherals to other computers. Programs that repeatedly send a large message or text to a computer through messaging systems like MSN Messenger in order to saturate, collapse or flood the system.

A computer that allows communication between different types of platforms, networks, computers or programs. A system that allows users in a local network LAN to use resources like shared programs ; access to Internet, intranet or other areas; e-mail; firewalls and proxies, etc. Program that can be used by a hacker to carry out actions that cause problems for the user of the affected computer allowing the hacker to control the affected computer, steal confidential information, scan communication ports , etc.

Term referring to all physical elements in an IT system screen, keyboard, mouse, memory, hard disks, microprocessor , etc. This term, which refers to problem solving by trial and error, is used in the computer world to refer to a technique used for detecting unknown viruses. Any program that changes the browser settings, to make the home page or the default search page, etc.

This is a communication system that allows web pages to be viewed through a browser. Obtaining confidential user information, such as passwords for accessing services, in order that unauthorized individuals can impersonate the affected user. This is a Microsoft server Internet Information Server , designed for publishing and maintaining web pages and portals. A virus is said to be in circulation, when cases of it are actually being detected somewhere in the world.

This is an official list drawn up every month of the viruses reported causing incidents. This is a folder in e-mail programs which contains received messages. This refers to the process of a virus entering a computer or certain areas of a computer or files.

The system through which users can interact with the computer and the software installed on it. A signal through which a momentary pause in the activities of the microprocessor is brought about.

This is a technique used by a computer to handle the interruption requests to the microprocessor. This provides the memory address to which the service should be provided. An IP address is a code that identifies each computer. This is a programming language that allows the creation of platform independent programs, i. These are small programs that can be included in web pages to improve the functionality of the page.

A programming language that offers dynamic characteristics e. This is not a virus, but a trick that aims to make users believe they have been infected by a virus. A network of interconnected computers in a reasonably small geographical area generally in the same city or town or even building.

Technologies de l'information et de la communication

These are parts of a web page, e-mail or document text, images, buttons, etc. This is a type of virus that modifies the address where a file is stored, replacing it with the address of the virus instead of the original file.

As a result, when the affected file is used, the virus activates. After the computer has been infected, the original file will be unusable. This is a program that appears quite inoffensive, but which can carry out damaging actions on a computer, just like any other virus. A set of commands or instructions carried out by a program repeatedly until a certain condition is met.

A macro is a series of instructions defined so that a program, say Word, Excel, PowerPoint, or Access, carries out certain operations. As they are programs, they can be affected by viruses. Viruses that use macros to infect are known as macro viruses. A virus that affects macros in Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PowerPoint presentations, etc.

This term is used to refer to all programs that contain malicious code MAL icious soft WARE , contain malicious code, whether it is a virus, Trojan or worm. This is the action of assigning a shared network disk a letter in a computer, just as if it were another drive in the computer itself.

Messaging Application Program Interface. A system used to enable programs to send and receive e-mail via a certain messaging system. This is a 32 bit number that identifies an IP address in a certain network.

A fundamental characteristic of a virus. This is the way in which a virus infects a computer. This is the way in which a virus spreads from one computer to another. This is the integrated electronic heart of a computer or IT system e. This is the set of specifications that allows text and files with different character sets to be exchanged over the Internet e.

A peripheral device, also known as MOdulator DEModulator, used to transmit electronic signals analogical and digital. It is designed to enable communication between computers or other types of IT resources. It is most often used for connecting computers to the Internet. This operating system , which predates Windows, involves the writing of commands for all operations that the user wants to carry out.

Panda Security Info Glossary

A server for storing data, which is compatible with SQL Server This is an organized mail system that receives messages and distributes them to the recipients. MTAs also transfer messages to other mail servers. Exchange, sendmail, qmail and Postfix, for example, are MTAs. This is a characteristic of a particular type of sophisticated virus, which infects computers by using a combination of techniques used by other viruses.

Some viruses can use a mutex to control access to resources examples: By doing this, they make it difficult for antiviruses to detect them. Group of computers or other IT devices interconnected via a cable, telephone line, electromagnetic waves satellite, microwaves etc , in order to communicate and share resources.

Internet is a vast network of other sub-networks with millions of computers connected. An Internet service through which various people can connect to discuss or exchange information about specific subjects. A nuke attack is aimed at causing the network connection to fail. A computer that has been nuked may block. Person or program that launches a nuke attack, causing a computer to block or the network connection to fail.

A standard for embedding and attaching images, video clips, MIDI, animations, etc in files documents, databases, spreadsheets, etc.

Logiciels Windows

It also allows ActiveX controls to be embedded. System for subscribing or registering via the Internet as a user of a product or services in this case, a program and associated services. This is the action that certain programs or viruses take when they write over a file, permanently erasing the content.

A program -or network connection- used to offer services via the Internet usually file sharing , which viruses and other types of threats can use to spread. An operation in which a group of files or just one are put into another file, thus occupying less space. The difference between packaging and compression are the tools used. For example, a tool called tar is normally used for packaging , while zip or gzip -WinZip- are used for compressing.

A variable piece of data indicating how a program should behave in any given situation. Each partition of a hard disk can have a different operating system. An area of a disk containing information about the sections or partitions, that the disk is divided into.

This is a sequence of characters used to restrict access to a certain file, program or other area, so that only those who know the password can enter. A program that obtains and saves confidential data, such as user passwords using keyloggers or other means. This program can publish the list, allowing third-parties to use the data to the detriment of the affected user. A pocket-sized, portable computer also called palmtops.

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